Nataraja is presiding deity of Indian classical Dance form. Nataraja is one of the most important, visually thrilling forms of the Hindu god Shiva. Artists in the region of southern India began to make this form of Shiva in the early tenth century, with the patronage of kings, inspired by poetry written by ardent devotees and using skills in metal craft developed over hundreds of years. Once made and brought to life through ritual, Nataraja lived in the temple, moving out daily and during festivals, gracing his devotees within the temple and in the streets, as he processed through the town with song and ritual.
Appearing more than a thousand years ago, Nataraja’s importance has endured as a god and a popular icon. Today he is worshipped in major temples and circulates in public life. Nataraja strongly represents Indian classical Dance very strongly with tradition and cosmic principles. We can say Nataraja is the different shape of Lord Shiva.